Wage Differentials, Bargaining Protocols, and Trade Unionism in Mid-Twentieth Century American Labor Markets
John Pencavel ()
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John Pencavel: Stanford University
No 13175, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
Income inequality has been lower in periods when trade unionism has been strong. Using observations on wages by occupation, by geography, and by gender in collective bargaining contracts from the 1940s to the 1970s, patterns in movements of wage differentials are revealed. As wages increased, some contracts maintained relative wage differentials constant, some maintained absolute differences in wages constant, others combined these two patterns, and some did not reveal an obvious pattern. The patterns persisted even as price inflation increased in the 1970s. The dominant pattern implies a reduction in inequality as usually measured.
Keywords: income inequality; wage differentials; bargaining; trade unions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J31 J51 N32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 52 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-lab and nep-ltv
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Forthcoming - forthcoming in the Industrial and Labor Relations Review
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