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Changes in Female Employment in Mexico: Demographics, Economics, and Policies

Gladys Lopez-Acevedo (), Samuel Freije-Rodriguez (), Mexico Alberto Vergara Bahena () and Diego Cardozo Medeiros ()
Additional contact information
Gladys Lopez-Acevedo: World Bank
Mexico Alberto Vergara Bahena: World Bank
Diego Cardozo Medeiros: University of Chicago

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Gladys Lopez-Acevedo

No 13404, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: The unemployment and labor force participation gender gaps narrowed in Mexico after the 2008 global economic crisis, when female labor force participation increased. This paper aims to understand female labor force participation growth and identify its main determinants. For that purpose, the paper estimates a probit model with data from the National Employment Survey of 2007 and 2017, when the unemployment rate returned to the pre-crisis level. Broadly, the results show that increasing labor force participation of women ages 36 to 65 sustained the growth of overall female labor force participation, women's educational attainment can offset any individual or household obstacle to women's employability, and childcare availability significantly supports mothers' employability.

Keywords: female labor force participation; Mexico; gender gap; female education; childcare services (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 J22 O54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 42 pages
Date: 2020-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-gen and nep-lma
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3)

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