EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The Impact of HIV/Aids on Human Capital Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa: New Evidence

Luke Chicoine (), Emily Lyons and Alexia Sahue
Additional contact information
Emily Lyons: Bates College
Alexia Sahue: Bates College

No 13609, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: The risk of AIDS-related mortality increased dramatically throughout the 1990s. This paper updates previous work by Fortson (2011) to examine the impact of mortality risk on human capital investment during the deadliest period of the pandemic. We combine Demographic Health Survey data from 30 countries, across 60 survey waves, to generate a sample of over 1,300,000 observations. Cohort-specific analysis using the updated sample yields new evidence that the negative relationship between HIV prevalence and schooling steepened as mortality risk increased. The reduction in schooling is largest for women, and along the extensive margin of the schooling decision. The findings indicate that the decline in human capital investment associated with the HIV/AIDS pandemic prior to the availability of treatment was larger in magnitude than previously understood, but may be reversing rapidly as access to treatment is expanded.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS; mortality risk; schooling (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 I25 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 35 pages
Date: 2020-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-hea
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://ftp.iza.org/dp13609.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Human Capital Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa: New Evidence (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp13609

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

 
Page updated 2021-01-17
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp13609