Economics at your fingertips  

Access to Finance among Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and Job Creation in Africa

Zuzana Brixiová (), Thierry Kangoye () and Thierry Yogo ()
Additional contact information
Thierry Kangoye: African Development Bank

No 13708, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: In the past decade inclusive growth, that is job-rich growth, has topped the policy agenda in developing countries. This paper investigates how the access to finance affects employment in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Sub-Saharan Africa. It first presents a model where firm creation requires entrepreneurial search and paying the start-up costs, while the firm's size in terms of employment depends on the access to credit. Under the financial market imperfections, access to credit can be a binding constraint on firm entry and employment even when the banks have sufficient liquidity. Using an impact evaluation-based approach on firm-level data from 42 African countries, we show that SMEs with access to formal financing create more jobs than firms without access, with employment in firms having access to more affordable and larger loans growing the fastest. The impact of access to finance is stronger for firms in manufacturing than in services, pointing to sectoral targeting of finance as a possible policy supporting industrialization.

Keywords: entrepreneurship; financial inclusion; employment; propensity score matching (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L2 G2 D22 C1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
Date: 2020-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn, nep-dev, nep-ent, nep-fle and nep-sbm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 2020, 55, 177 - 189

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Access to finance among small and medium-sized enterprises and job creation in Africa (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Access to Finance among Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and Job Creation in Africa (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

Page updated 2021-03-02
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp13708