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U.S. Immigration Policy and Immigrant Fertility

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes () and Esther Arenas-Arroyo ()
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Esther Arenas-Arroyo: Vienna University of Economics and Business

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Esther Arenas-Arroyo ()

No 13748, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Using the 2005-2014 waves of the American Community Survey –a period characterized by the rapid expansion of interior immigration enforcement initiatives across the United States, we evaluate the impact of a tougher policy environment on undocumented immigrants' fertility. We find that a one standard deviation increases in enforcement lowers childbearing among likely undocumented women by 5 percent. The effect emanates from police-based measures linked to increased deportations, which may raise uncertainty about the future of the family unit and its resources. Understanding these impacts is important given the critical contributions of immigrants and their offspring to diversity, the economy and the sustainability of the welfare state.

Keywords: fertility; immigration policy; interior immigration enforcement; undocumented immigrants; unauthorized immigrants; United States (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J15 K37 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 57 pages
Date: 2020-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int, nep-law and nep-mig
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Forthcoming - forthcoming in: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

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