School Schedule and the Gender Pay Gap
Emma Duchini () and
Clementine van Effenterre ()
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Emma Duchini: University of Warwick
No 13791, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
We provide causal evidence that children's school schedules contribute to the persistence of the gender pay gap between parents. Historically, French children have had no school on Wednesdays. In 2013, a reform reallocated some classes to Wednesday mornings. Exploiting variations in the application of this reform over time and across the age of the youngest child, we show that mothers are more likely to adopt a regular Monday-Friday full-time working schedule after the reform, while fathers' labor supply is unchanged. Consequently, the reform decreased the monthly gender pay gap by 6 percent, generating fiscal revenues that substantially outweigh its costs.
Keywords: school schedule; gender inequality; female labor supply; child penalty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H52 J13 J16 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 71 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-eur, nep-gen, nep-lab and nep-ure
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp13791
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