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COVID-19 School Closures and Parental Labor Supply in the United States

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Miriam Marcén, Marina Morales and Almudena Sevilla ()
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Almudena Sevilla: London School of Economics

No 13827, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We examine the role of school closures in contributing to the negative labor market impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. We collect detailed daily information on school closures at the school-district level, which we merge to individual level data on various employment and socio- demographic characteristics from the monthly Current Population Survey from January 2019 through May 2020. Using a difference-in-differences estimation approach, we gauge how the intensity of school closures affects the labor supply of mothers and fathers of young school-age children. We find evidence of non-negligible labor supply reductions, particularly among mothers. These impacts prove robust to endogeneity checks and persist after accounting for other social-distancing measures in place.

Keywords: COVID-19; school closures; parental labor supply; United States (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D1 J1 J16 J2 J23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2020-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-isf, nep-lma and nep-ure
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