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Globalization and Female Empowerment: Evidence from Myanmar

Teresa Molina and Mari Tanaka ()
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Mari Tanaka: Hitotsubashi University

No 13957, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper examines whether globalization promotes female empowerment by improving the jobs available to women. Previous work has documented that exporting causally improved working conditions at predominantly female garment factories in Myanmar. In this study, restricting to garment factory neighborhoods, we find that women living near exporting factories are significantly more likely to be working, have lower tolerance of domestic violence, and are less likely to be victims of domestic violence. Using distance to the international airport as an instrument for proximity to an exporting factory, we find similar results: higher employment rates, lower tolerance of domestic violence, and a decrease in the experience of physical violence.

Keywords: female empowerment; domestic violence; globalization; trade; Myanmar (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 F66 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 56 pages
Date: 2020-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-int, nep-lab and nep-sea
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