The First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Socioeconomic Inequality in Psychological Distress in the UK
Apostolos Davillas () and
Andrew Jones ()
No 14057, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
We use data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) to compare measures of socioeconomic inequality in psychological distress, measured by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), before (Waves 9 and the Interim 2019 Wave) and during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic (April to July 2020). Based on a caseness measure, the prevalence of psychological distress increased from 18.5% to 27.7% between the 2019 Wave and April 2020 with some reversion to earlier levels in subsequent months. Also, there was a systematic increase in total inequality in the Likert GHQ-12 score. However, measures of relative socioeconomic inequality have not increased. A Shapley-Shorrocks decomposition analysis shows that during the peak of the first wave of the pandemic (April 2020) other socioeconomic factors declined in their share of socioeconomic inequality, while age and gender account for a larger share. The most notable increase is evident for younger women. The contribution of working in an industry related to the COVID-19 response played a small role at Wave 9 and the Interim 2019 Wave, but more than tripled its share in April 2020. As the first wave of COVID-19 progressed, the contribution of demographics declined from their peak level in April and chronic health conditions, housing conditions, and neighbourhood characteristics increased their contributions to socioeconomic inequality.
Keywords: mental health; GHQ; socioeconomic inequality; health equity; COVID-19; psychological distress (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C1 D63 I12 I14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-eur and nep-hea
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Published - a revised version is published in: Health Economics
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Journal Article: The first wave of the COVID‐19 pandemic and its impact on socioeconomic inequality in psychological distress in the UK (2021)
Working Paper: The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on socioeconomic inequality in psychological distress in the UK (2021)
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