Immigration, Crime, and Crime (Mis)Perceptions
Patricio Dominguez and
Raimundo Undurraga ()
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Raimundo Undurraga: University of Chile
No 14087, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
This paper studies the effects of immigration on crime and crime perceptions in Chile, where the foreign-born population more than doubled in the last decade. By using individual-level victimization data, we document null effects of immigration on crime but positive and significant effects on crime-related concerns, which in turn triggered preventive behavioral responses, such as investing in home-security. Our results are robust across a two-way fixed effects model and an IV strategy based on a shift-share instrument that exploits immigration inflows towards destination countries other than Chile. On mechanisms, we examine data on crime-related news on TV and in newspapers, and find a disproportionate coverage of immigrant-perpetrated homicides as well as a larger effect of immigration on crime perceptions in municipalities with a stronger media presence. These effects might explain the widening gap between actual crime trends and public perceptions of crime.
Keywords: crime; immigration; crime perception; media; crime beliefs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 K1 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 57 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam, nep-law, nep-mig and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Immigration, crime, and crime (Mis)perceptions (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp14087
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