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Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Children's Academic Performance in China

Huifu Nong (), Qing Zhang (), Hongjia Zhu () and Rong Zhu ()
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Huifu Nong: Guangdong University of Finance
Qing Zhang: Hunan University
Hongjia Zhu: Jinan University

No 14674, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper estimates the causal impact of China's targeted poverty alleviation program on the academic achievement of students from poor households. We use the longitudinal academic records of a cohort of students from all middle schools in a nationally designated poor county in China. Using the difference-in-differences approach, we show that targeted poverty alleviation improves the scholastic performance of girls and their achievement rank among peer students. However, we find no such empirical evidence for boys. Our findings suggest that the new anti-poverty program in China has the potential to ameliorate the intergenerational transmission of low socioeconomic status to girls by promoting their human capital accumulation.

Keywords: academic outcomes; targeted poverty alleviation; middle school; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I32 I38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 35 pages
Date: 2021-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-isf and nep-ure
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Forthcoming - forthcoming in: Review of Income and Wealth, 2022

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