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Who Benefits from Tax Incentives? The Heterogeneous Wage Incidence of a Tax Credit

Clément Carbonnier, Clément Malgouyres, Loriane Py and Camille Urvoy ()
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Camille Urvoy: Sciences Po, Paris

No 14683, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Do workers gain from lower business taxes, and why? We estimate how a large corporate income tax credit in France is passed on to wages and explore the firm- and employee-level underlying mechanisms. The amount of tax credit firms get depends on their payroll share of workers paid less than a wage threshold. Exposure to the policy thus varies both across workers depending on their wage and across firms depending on their wage structure. Using exhaustive employer-employee data, we find that half of the surplus generated by the reform falls onto workers. Wage gains load on incumbents in high-skill occupations. The wage earnings of low-skill workers—nearly all individually eligible—do not change. This heterogeneous wage incidence is unlikely to be driven by scale effects or skill complementarities. We find that the groups of workers benefiting from wage gains are also more likely to continue working for the same firm. Further, we show that firms do not change their wage-setting behavior in response to the individual eligibility status of workers. Overall, our results suggest that the wage incidence of the tax credit operated collectively through rent-sharing and benefited workers most costly to replace.

Keywords: wage incidence; tax incentives; business taxation; rent sharing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D22 H25 H32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 95 pages
Date: 2021-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-eur, nep-isf, nep-lma, nep-pbe and nep-pub
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Published - published in: Journal of Public Economics, 2022, 206, 104577

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Related works:
Journal Article: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2022)
Working Paper: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2022)
Working Paper: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2022)
Working Paper: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2022)
Working Paper: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from tax incentives? The heterogeneous wage incidence of a tax credit (2020) Downloads
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