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Efficiency versus Insurance: Capital Income Taxation and Privatizing Social Security

Krzysztof Makarski (), Joanna Tyrowicz () and Oliwia Komada
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Oliwia Komada: GRAPE

No 14805, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We study the interactions between capital income tax and social security privatization in the context of rising longevity. In an economy with idiosyncratic income shocks, redistributive defined benefit social security provides some insurance against income uncertainty. This insurance comes at the expense of efficiency loss due to labor supply distortions. The existing view in the literature states that reducing this distortion by introducing (partially funded) defined contribution social security would reduce welfare because the loss of insurance and the transitory fiscal gap dominate the efficiency gains. However, prior research financed the transitory costs of the reform by taxing consumption. We show that in the context of longevity, capital income taxation provides a superior alternative: welfare gains are sufficient to outweigh the loss of insurance and transitory fiscal gap. We provide explanations for a mechanism behind this result and we reconcile our results with the earlier literature.

Keywords: longevity; capital income taxation; social security reform; fiscal policy; welfare effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C68 D72 E62 H55 J26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 48 pages
Date: 2021-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-dge, nep-ias, nep-lma, nep-mac, nep-pbe and nep-pub
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