Inequalities in Job Loss and Income Loss in Sub-Saharan Africa during the COVID-19 Crisis
Amparo Palacios-Lopez (),
Janneke Pieters and
Michael Weber ()
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Ivette Contreras-Gonzalez: World Bank
Gbemisola Oseni: World Bank
Amparo Palacios-Lopez: World Bank
Michael Weber: World Bank
No 15406, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
We use high frequency phone survey data from Ethiopia, Malawi, Nigeria, and Uganda to analyze the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on work (including wage employment, self-employment, and farm work) and income, as well as heterogeneity by gender, family composition, education, age, pre-COVID-19 industry of work, and between the rural and urban sector. We link phone survey data collected throughout the pandemic to pre-COVID-19 face-to-face survey data in order to track the employment of respondents who were working before the pandemic and analyze individual level indicators of job loss and re-employment. Finally, we analyze both immediate impacts, during the first few months of the pandemic, as well as longer-run impacts up to February/March 2021. We find that in the early phase of the pandemic, women, young, and urban workers were significantly more likely to lose their job. A year after the onset of the pandemic, these inequalities disappeared while education became the main predictor of joblessness. We find significant rural/urban, age, and education gradients in household level income loss. Households with income from non-farm enterprises were most likely to report income loss, in the short run as well as the longer run.
Keywords: COVID-19; employment; income; inequality; Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I31 J10 J20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
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