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Risk-laden Migration as a Response to Relative Deprivation: A Hypothesis

Oded Stark

No 15908, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Received migration research has it that higher relative deprivation strengthens the incentive for people to migrate, and that migration is often a risky enterprise. Relative deprivation has been seen as a push factor in migration, and the level of risk involved in migration has been understood to reduce its attraction. Here we show a positive relationship between the level of relative deprivation experienced at origin and willingness to undertake risk-laden migration: we show that higher relative deprivation is matched by riskier acceptable migration options. In expanding the range of acceptable risk-laden migration options, relative deprivation experienced at origin acts also as a pull factor for migration.

Keywords: social preferences; relative deprivation; risk-laden migration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D81 D91 F22 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 16 pages
Date: 2023-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ure
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