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Air Pollution and Respiratory Infectious Diseases

Sandro Provenzano (), Sefi Roth () and Lutz Sager
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Sandro Provenzano: London School of Economics
Sefi Roth: London School of Economics

No 15947, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Recent research suggests that short-term exposure to air pollution is associated with an elevated prevalence of respiratory infectious disease. We examine the relationship between the air quality index (AQI) and weekly cases of influenza-like illnesses (ILI) and COVID-19 in the United States. We address potential bias from omitted variables and measurement error with an instrumental variable approach using atmospheric temperature inversions. Unlike other recent studies, we find no relationship between air quality and either ILI or COVID-19 cases.

Keywords: air pollution; respiratory disease; COVID-19 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I18 Q51 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2023-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env, nep-hea and nep-res
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