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Exposure to the One-Child Policy and Fertility among Chinese Immigrants to the US

Siyuan Lin, Laura M. Argys () and Susan L. Averett ()
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Siyuan Lin: Lehigh University
Laura M. Argys: University of Colorado Denver
Susan L. Averett: Lafayette College

No 16329, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We examine whether women exposed to China's one-child policy (OCP) change their fertility decisions when they migrate to a country without fertility restrictions. Using American Community Survey data (2010–2020), we compare the childbearing decisions of Chinese-born women with varying degrees of exposure before migrating to the US to each other and a control group of other Asian immigrants. We find that Chinese women aged 35-45 exposed to the OCP for a longer duration have significantly fewer children than women who were not exposed to the OCP. These findings are robust to several specification checks.

Keywords: fertility; one-child policy; immigrants; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 I15 J13 N35 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 56 pages
Date: 2023-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-dem, nep-int and nep-mig
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