The Origins of Intergenerational Associations: Lessons from Swedish Adoption Data
Anders Bjorklund (),
Mikael Lindahl () and
Erik Plug ()
No 1739, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
We use unique Swedish data to estimate intergenerational associations between adoptees and their biological and adoptive parents. We argue that the impact from biological parents captures broad pre-birth factors, including genes and prenatal environment, and the impact from adoptive parents represents broad post-birth factors, such as childhood environment, for the intergenerational association in education and income. We find that both pre- and post-birth factors contribute to intergenerational transmissions, and that pre-birth factors are more important for mother's education and less important for father's income. We also find some evidence for a positive interaction effect between post-birth environment and pre-birth factors.
Keywords: adoption data; nature and nurture; income; intergenerational mobility; education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 J30 J62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
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Published in: Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2006, 121 (3), 999-1028
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Journal Article: The Origins of Intergenerational Associations: Lessons from Swedish Adoption Data (2006)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1739
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