Does Head Start Improve Children's Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design
Jens Ludwig () and
Douglas Miller ()
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Jens Ludwig: University of Chicago
No 2111, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
This paper exploits a new source of variation in Head Start funding to identify the program’s effects on health and schooling. In 1965 the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) provided technical assistance to the 300 poorest counties to develop Head Start proposals. The result was a large and lasting discontinuity in Head Start funding rates at the OEO cutoff for grant-writing assistance. We find evidence of a large drop at the OEO cutoff in mortality rates for children from causes that could be affected by Head Start, as well as suggestive evidence for a positive effect on educational attainment.
Keywords: schooling; poverty; early childhood education; health; Head Start (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I18 I20 I38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in: Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2007, 122 (1), 159-208
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Journal Article: Does Head Start Improve Children's Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design (2007)
Working Paper: Does Head Start Improve Children's Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design (2005)
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