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An Analysis of Labour Adjustment Costs in Unionized Economies

Leonor Modesto () and Jonathan Thomas ()

No 225, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: In this paper we conduct a theoretical analysis of the implications of a union which can exploit the existence of firm labour adjustment costs. We consider a model involving a large number of identical firms facing a single, economy-wide union. We solve (i) for the Markov perfect equilibria with no commitment, under the assumption that the union chooses wages each period and firms react by choosing employment, and (ii) for the commitment equilibria where the union can precommit to the entire (infinite) sequence of wages. We conclude that the speed of adjustment of employment, that is higher in the no-commitment case, decreases with adjustment costs in both models. Moreover adjustment costs affect the long run values of employment and wages only in the no-commitment case, i.e., the higher the relevance of adjustment costs the higher the wage and therefore the smaller the level of employment in the long run. Commitment on the part of the union leads to lower wages, and moreover is beneficial to firms as well as to the union. Given that the union would like to commit to a lower path of wages we consider whether reputation building is desirable.

Keywords: labour adjustment costs; Markov perfect equilibria; Unions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J51 J32 J23 J65 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2000-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-pbe
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Published in: Labour Economics, 2001, 8 (4), 475-501

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