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Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform

Eric Edmonds (), Nina Pavcnik and Petia Topalova

No 2611, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Do the short and medium term adjustment costs associated with trade liberalization influence schooling and child labor decisions? We examine this question in the context of India's 1991 tariff reforms. Overall, in the 1990s, rural India experienced a dramatic increase in schooling and decline in child labor. However, communities that relied heavily on employment in protected industries before liberalization do not experience as large an increase in schooling or decline in child labor. The data suggest that this failure to follow the national trend of increasing schooling and diminishing work is associated with a failure to follow the national trend in poverty reduction. Schooling costs appear to play a large role in this relationship between poverty, schooling, and child labor. Extrapolating from our results, our estimates imply that roughly half of India's rise in schooling and a third of the fall in child labor during the 1990s can be explained by falling poverty and therefore improved capacity to afford schooling.

Keywords: literacy; child labor; schooling; trade liberalization; India (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J24 O15 J22 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa, nep-dev, nep-hrm and nep-int
Date: 2007-02
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Published in: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2010, 2 (4), 42-75

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Related works:
Journal Article: Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments; Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: Trade Adjustment and Human Capital Investments: Evidence from Indian Tariff Reform (2007) Downloads
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