Do Family Planning Programmes Help Women's Employment? The Case of Indian Mothers
Gianna Claudia Giannelli () and
Francesca Francavilla ()
No 2762, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
The paper deals with female employment in developing countries. We set out a model to test our argument that, at the first stage of development, demographic and health programmes have proven to be more effective for women’s position in the society than specific labour and income support policies. Our household model in the collective framework predicts that an exogenous improvement in household production technology due to demographic and health policies gives the wife the opportunity to employ her time resources more efficiently, and, by consequence, the power to choose to participate or not to the labour market. A unique, rich and representative data survey for all Indian states and rural India (NFHS-2, 1998-1999) allows us to analyse the role of Family Planning (FP), reproductive and child care programmes, for the employment probability of married women aged 15 to 49. Our results for urban and rural India show that the FP effect is significant in rural India, that is, women that have been visited by an FP public worker have a higher probability of being employed. Moreover, for rural India, we compare this effect with that one of Governmental Policies (GP) supporting household income and promoting employment. Our results show that the effect of this particular FP intervention has been more effective for women’s employment than GP. This result appears to be robust across different definitions of female employment and model specifications.
Keywords: family planning; urban and rural analyses; women’s employment in developing countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J16 J22 O18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa and nep-dev
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Published in: Journal of Asian Economics. 2011, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asieco.2011.06.001
Downloads: (external link)
Working Paper: Do Family Planning Programmes Help Women’s Employment? The Case of Indian Mothers (2007)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2762
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().