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Prison Conditions and Recidivism

Francesco Drago, Roberto Galbiati and Pietro Vertova ()
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Pietro Vertova: University of Bergamo

No 3395, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We use a unique data set on post-release behavior of former Italian inmates to estimate the effect of prison conditions on recidivism. By combining different sources of data we exploit variation in prison conditions measured by: 1) the extent of overcrowding at the prison level, 2) the number of deaths in the facility of detention during an inmate’s stay and 3) the distance of the prison from the chief town of the province where the prison is located. By considering inmates who served their sentence in a jurisdiction different from the hometown in which they live after release, we can include province of residence fixed effects and account for the main source of unobserved heterogeneity correlated to prison conditions. We find that a harsher prison treatment does not reduce former inmates’ criminal activity. The extent of overcrowding and the number of deaths do not decrease the probability to be re-arrested. Instead, we find evidence that the degree of isolation measured by distance from the prison of detention to the chief town of the province where the prison is located increases recidivism.

Keywords: prison; deterrence; crime (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K42 J18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29 pages
Date: 2008-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-law
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Journal Article: Prison Conditions and Recidivism (2011) Downloads
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