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Social Protection and Migration in China: What Can Protect Migrants from Economic Uncertainty?

Lina Song and Simon Appleton

No 3594, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Job-related welfare entitlements are common in China. Migrants who do not hold urban registration are, in principle, not entitled to job-related welfare even if they are employees in the State sector. The official explanation is that rural-urban migrants are allocated access to farm land in their rural origins, and hence their welfare rights and security are covered by this entitlement to the use of land. In this paper, we look at whether migrants still benefited from these opportunities. Second, we investigate whether it is the poor, the unentitled and the vulnerable that are excluded from public protection programs. Chinese official social protection programs are, like in most western countries, officially designated as being for poverty alleviation. However would such programs still be targeted in ways that limit their coverage, curtail the range of basic needs provided for and allocate benefits very unequally? Thirdly, we explore whether households with favourable productive characteristics are more likely to get into social protection programs. Here, the ongoing debate concerning equality of opportunity and equality of outcomes has some relevance. Finally, we examine the roles social networks or Guanxi (the Chinese term for social connections) may play in dealing with economic shocks.

Keywords: social protection; migration; entitlement; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H41 H42 D63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-cna, nep-dev, nep-mig, nep-soc and nep-tra
Date: 2008-07
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: Ingrid Nielsen and Russell, Smyth (eds.) Migration and Social Protection in China, World Scientific Publishing, 2008

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