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Does Openness to International Financial Flows Contribute to Productivity Growth?

Ayhan Kose, Eswar Prasad and Marco Terrones

No 3634, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Economic theory has identified a number of channels through which openness to international financial flows could raise productivity growth. However, while there is a vast empirical literature analyzing the impact of financial openness on output growth, far less attention has been paid to its effects on productivity growth. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between financial openness and total factor productivity (TFP) growth using an extensive dataset that includes various measures of productivity and financial openness for a large sample of countries. We find that de jure capital account openness has a robust positive effect on TFP growth. The effect of de facto financial integration on TFP growth is less clear, but this masks an important and novel result. We find strong evidence that FDI and portfolio equity liabilities boost TFP growth while external debt is actually negatively correlated with TFP growth. The negative relationship between external debt liabilities and TFP growth is attenuated in economies with higher levels of financial development and better institutions.

Keywords: external assets and liabilities; debt; capital account liberalization; portfolio equity; capital flows; financial openness; total factor productivity; foreign direct investment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F36 F41 F43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46 pages
Date: 2008-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-eff, nep-fdg and nep-opm
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Published - published in: Journal of International Money and Finance, 2009, 28 (4), 554-580

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