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Does School Privatization Improve Educational Achievement? Evidence from Sweden's Voucher Reform

Anders Böhlmark and Mikael Lindahl ()

No 3691, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper evaluates general achievement effects of choice and competition between private and public schools at the nine-year school level by assessing a radical voucher reform that was implemented in Sweden in 1992. Starting from a situation where the public schools essentially were monopolists on all local school markets, the degree of privatization has developed very differently across municipalities over time as a result of this reform. We estimate the impact of an increase in private enrolment on short, medium and long-term educational outcomes of all pupils using within-municipality variation over time, and control for differential pre-reform and concurrent municipality trends. We find that an increase in the private school share moderately improves short-term educational outcomes such as 9th-grade GPA and the fraction of students who choose an academic high school track. However, we do not find any impact on medium or long-term educational outcomes such as high school GPA, university attainment or years of schooling. We conclude that the first-order short-term effect is too small to yield lasting positive effects.

Keywords: private schooling; choice; competition; educational achievement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I22 I28 H40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eec, nep-hrm, nep-lab and nep-ure
Date: 2008-09
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