Brain Drain in Globalization: A General Equilibrium Analysis from the Sending Countries' Perspective
Luca Marchiori (),
I-Ling Shen and
Frédéric Docquier ()
No 4207, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
The paper assesses the global effects of brain drain on developing economies and quantifies the relative sizes of various static and dynamic impacts. By constructing a unified generic framework characterized by overlapping-generations dynamics and calibrated to real data, this study incorporates many direct impacts of brain drain whose interactions, along with other indirect effects, are endogenously and dynamically generated. Our findings suggest that the short-run impact of brain drain on resident human capital is extremely crucial, as it does not only determine the number of skilled workers available to domestic production, but it also affects the sending economy's capacity to innovate or to adopt modern technologies. The latter impact plays an important role particularly in a globalized economy where capital investments are made in places with higher production efficiencies ceteris paribus. Hence, in spite of several empirically documented positive feedback effects, those countries with high skilled emigration rates are the most candid victims to brain drain since they are least likely to benefit from the "brain gain" effect, and thus suffering from declines of their resident human capital.
Keywords: remittances; human capital; development; capital flow; brain drain (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J24 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-hrm and nep-mig
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Published in: Economic Inquiry, 2013, 51 (2), 1582–1602
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Journal Article: BRAIN DRAIN IN GLOBALIZATION: A GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS FROM THE SENDING COUNTRIES' PERSPECTIVE (2013)
Working Paper: Brain drain in globalization: A general equilibrium analysis from the sending countries’ perspective (2010)
Working Paper: Brain drain in globalization A general equilibrium analysis from the sending countries’ perspective (2009)
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