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Intra-Industry Adjustment to Import Competition: Theory and Application to the German Clothing Industry

Horst Raff () and Joachim Wagner ()

No 4434, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper uses an oligopoly model with heterogeneous firms to examine how an industry adjusts to rising import competition. The model predicts that in the short run the least efficient firms in the industry become inactive, surviving firms face a fall in output, mark-ups and profits, and the average productivity of survivors increases. These pro-competitive effects of import penetration on the domestic industry disappear in the long run. The predictions for the short run are confirmed in an empirical study of the German clothing industry.

Keywords: international trade; firm heterogeneity; productivity; clothing industry (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-com, nep-cse and nep-int
Date: 2009-09
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: World Economy, 2010, 33 (8), 1006-1022

Downloads: (external link)
http://ftp.iza.org/dp4434.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Intra‐industry Adjustment to Import Competition: Theory and Application to the German Clothing Industry (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Intra-Industry Adjustment to Import Competition: Theory and Application to the German Clothing Industry (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Intra-Industry Adjustment to Import Competition: Theory and Application to the German Clothing Industry (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Intra-industry adjustment to import competition: theory and application to the German clothing industry (2009) Downloads
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