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What Drives U.S. Immigration Policy? Evidence from Congressional Roll Call Votes

Giovanni Facchini () and Max Steinhardt ()

No 5561, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Immigration is one of the most hotly debated policy issues in the United States today. Despite marked divergence of opinions within political parties, several important immigration reforms were introduced in the post 1965 era. The purpose of this paper is to systematically analyze the drivers of congressional voting behavior on immigration policy during the period 1970-2006, and in particular, to assess the role of economic factors at the district level. Our findings provide robust evidence that representatives of more skilled labor abundant constituencies are more likely to support an open immigration policy concerning unskilled labor. Thus, a simple factor-proportions-analysis model provides useful insights regarding the policy making process on one of the most controversial facets of globalization.

Keywords: political economy; voting; immigration policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-mig and nep-pol
Date: 2011-03
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Published in: Journal of Public Economics, 2011, 95, 734-743

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Related works:
Journal Article: What drives U.S. immigration policy? Evidence from congressional roll call votes (2011) Downloads
Journal Article: What drives U.S. immigration policy? Evidence from congressional roll call votes (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: What Drives U.S. Immigration Policy? Evidence from Congressional Roll Call Votes (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: What drives US Immigration Policy? Evidence from Congressional Roll Call Votes (2010) Downloads
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