The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors
John Cawley () and
Christopher Ruhm ()
No 5728, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
Risky health behaviors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, drug use, unprotected sex, and poor diets and sedentary lifestyles (leading to obesity) are a major source of preventable deaths. This chapter overviews the theoretical frameworks for, and empirical evidence on, the economics of risky health behaviors. It describes traditional economic approaches emphasizing utility maximization that, under certain assumptions, result in Pareto-optimal outcomes and a limited role for policy interventions. It also details nontraditional models (e.g. involving hyperbolic time discounting or bounded rationality) that even without market imperfections can result in suboptimal outcomes for which government intervention has greater potential to increase social welfare. The chapter summarizes the literature on the consequences of risky health behaviors for economic outcomes such as medical care costs, educational attainment, employment, wages, and crime. It also reviews the research on policies and strategies with the potential to modify risky health behaviors, such as taxes or subsidies, cash incentives, restrictions on purchase and use, providing information and restricting advertising. The chapter concludes with suggestions for future research.
Keywords: income; health behaviors; alcohol; tobacco; smoking; drugs; obesity; diet; food; physical activity; public health; public policy; taxation; subsidies; addiction; externalities; advertising; information; behavioral economics; neuroeconomics; human capital; education; prices; sex; time preference; peers; bounded rationality; medical costs; employment; wages; crime; hyperbolic discounting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I1 I20 I18 D01 H2 D1 D6 D03 D87 D83 J1 Q18 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 163 pages
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Published in: Mark V. Pauly, Thomas G. McGuire, and Pedro P. Barros (eds.), Handbook of Health Economics, Volume 2. New York: Elsevier, 2012, 95-199 95-199
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Chapter: The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors (2011)
Working Paper: The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors (2011)
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