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The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey

Murat Kırdar (), Meltem Dayioglu and Ismet Koc ()
Additional contact information
Ismet Koc: Hacettepe University

No 5887, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper estimates the impact of the extension of compulsory schooling in Turkey from 5 to 8 years on the marriage and fertility behavior of teenage women in Turkey using the 2008 Turkish Demographic and Health Survey. We find that the new education policy reduces the probability of marriage and giving birth for teenage women substantially: the probability of marriage by age 16 is reduced by 44 percent and the probability of giving birth by age 17 falls by 36 percent. The effects of the education policy on the time until marriage and first-birth persist beyond the completion of compulsory schooling. In addition, we find that the delay in the time until first-birth is driven by the delay in the time until marriage. After a woman is married, the rise in compulsory schooling years does not have an effect on the duration until her first-birth. Finally, we find that the education policy was more effective in reducing early marriage than a change in the Civil Code aimed for this purpose.

Keywords: compulsory schooling; education; fertility; age at marriage (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 J13 I20 D10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 49 pages
Date: 2011-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-cwa, nep-dem, nep-edu and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Published in: Journal of Human Capital, 2018, 12(4), 640-668.

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Related works:
Journal Article: The Effects of Compulsory-Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effects of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey (2010) Downloads
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