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Everybody Needs Good Neighbours? Evidence from Students' Outcomes in England

Stephen Gibbons (), Olmo Silva () and Felix Weinhardt ()

No 5980, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We estimate the effect of neighbours' characteristics and prior achievements on teenage students' educational and behavioural outcomes using census data on several cohorts of secondary school students in England. Our research design is based on changes in neighbourhood composition caused explicitly by residential migration amongst students in our dataset. The longitudinal nature and detail of the data allows us to control for student unobserved characteristics, neighbourhood fixed effects and time trends, school-by-cohort fixed effects, as well as students' observable attributes and prior attainments. The institutional setting also allows us to distinguish between neighbours who attend the same or different schools, and thus examine interactions between school and neighbourhood peers. Overall, our results provide evidence that peers in the neighbourhood have no effect on test scores, but have a small effect on behavioural outcomes, such as attitudes towards schooling and anti-social behaviour.

Keywords: secondary schools; cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes; peer and neighbourhood effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 H75 I20 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 48 pages
Date: 2011-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-lab, nep-mig, nep-soc and nep-ure
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Published - published in: Economic Journal, 2013, 123 (571), 831-874

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Journal Article: Everybody Needs Good Neighbours? Evidence from Students’ Outcomes in England (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Everybody needs good neighbours?: evidence from students' outcomes in England (2013) Downloads
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