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Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina's Downturns

Guillermo Cruces, Pablo Gluzmann () and Luis Lopez-Calva ()

No 6096, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This study investigates the impact of recent crises in Argentina (including the severe downturn of 2001-2002) on health and education outcomes. The identification strategy relies on both the inter-temporal and the cross-provincial co-variation between changes in regional GDP and outcomes by province. These results indicate significant and substantial effects of aggregate fluctuations on maternal and infant mortality and low birth weight, with countercyclical though not significant patterns for enrollment rates. Finally, provincial public expenditures on health and education are correlated with the incidence of low birth weight and school enrollment for teenagers, with worsening results associated with GDP declines.

Keywords: infant mortality; crisis; low birth weight; maternal mortality; poverty; Argentina (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 I25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29 pages
Date: 2011-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-hea, nep-lab, nep-lam and nep-ltv
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Published in: World Development , 2012, 40 (2), 303-314

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Related works:
Journal Article: Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina’s Downturns (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina’s Downturns (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina’s Downturns (2011) Downloads
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