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Emigration and Wages: The EU Enlargement Experiment

Benjamin Elsner ()

No 6111, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: The enlargement of the European Union provides a unique opportunity to study the impact of the lifting of migration restrictions on the migrant sending countries. With EU enlargement in 2004, 1.2 million workers from Eastern Europe emigrated to the UK and Ireland. I use this emigration wave to show that emigration significantly changed the wage distribution in the sending country, in particular between young and old workers. Using a novel dataset from Lithuania, the UK and Ireland for the calibration of a structural model of labor demand, I find that over the period of five years emigration increased the wages of young workers by 6%, while it had no effect on the wages of old workers. Contrary to the immigration literature, there is no significant effect of emigration on the wage distribution between high-skilled and low-skilled workers.

Keywords: emigration; EU enlargement; European integration; wage distribution (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J31 O15 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 42 pages
Date: 2011-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec, nep-eur, nep-lab, nep-lma, nep-mig and nep-tra
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5)

Published - published in: Journal of International Economics, 2013, 91(1), 154-163

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https://docs.iza.org/dp6111.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Emigration and wages: The EU enlargement experiment (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Emigration and Wages: The EU Enlargement Experiment (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Emigration and Wages: The EU Enlargement Experiment (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Emigration and Wages: The EU Enlargement Experiment (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Emigration and Wages: The EU Enlargement Experiment (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Emigration and Wages: The EU Enlargement Experiment (2011) Downloads
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