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Estimating the Impacts of Bolivia's Protected Areas on Poverty

Gustavo J. Canavire Bacarreza () and Merlin Hanauer
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Gustavo J. Canavire Bacarreza: World Bank

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Gustavo Javier Canavire-Bacarreza

No 6341, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Protected areas represent a powerful policy tool for the preservation of ecosystems and their services. The rapid proliferation of protected areas in Bolivia over the past several decades has prompted interest in understanding their impacts on surrounding populations. Recent studies from other developing countries show that protected areas have had positive impacts on poverty. Using rich biophysical and socioeconomic data from Bolivia we find that municipalities with at least 10% of their area occupied by a protected area established between 1992 and 2000 exhibited differentially greater levels of poverty reduction between 1992 and 2001 compared to similar municipalities unaffected by protected areas. We find that our results are robust to a number of econometric specifications, spillover analyses and a placebo study. Although our overarching results that Bolivia's protected areas were associated with poverty reduction are similar to previous studies, our underlying results differ subtly, but significantly. Previous studies found that controlling for key observable covariates led to fundamentally antithetical results compared to naïve (uncontrolled) estimates. Conversely, our results indicate that naïve estimates lead to an over estimation of the poverty reducing impacts of protected areas. Our results expose the heterogeneity of protected area impacts across countries and, therefore, underscore the importance of country-level impact evaluations in order to build the global knowledge base regarding the socioeconomic impacts of protected areas.

Keywords: poverty; protected areas; impacts; program evaluation; econometrics; ecosystems; Bolivia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 I38 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2012-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-lam
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

Published - revised version published in: World Development, 2013, 41, 265–285

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Related works:
Journal Article: Estimating the Impacts of Bolivia’s Protected Areas on Poverty (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Estimating the Impacts of Bolivia's Protected Areas on Poverty (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Estimating the Impacts of Bolivia's Protected Areas on Poverty (2012) Downloads
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