Moroccans' Assimilation in Spain: Family-Based versus Labor-Based Migration
Núria Rodriguez-Planas () and
No 6368, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
An important immigration policy question is to identify the best criteria to select among potential migrants. At least two methodological problems arise: the host country's immigration policy regime endogeneity, and immigrants' unobserved heterogeneity. To address the first problem, we focus in a country with an unprecedented immigration boom that lets immigrants freely into a country: Spain. To address the second problem, we focus on a large and homogenous group of immigrants: Moroccans. Using the 2007 Encuesta Nacional de Immigración (ENI), we find that, even when focusing on a very homogenous group of migrants (Moroccans) who tend to be low-skilled, and after controlling for migrants' self-selection with employment history prior to and at arrival, family-based immigrants are less likely to work than their labor-based counterparts both at arrival and ten years later. Our Heckman-corrected estimates highlight that there are no monthly earnings differences by reason of arrival, and that failure to correct for labor force participation strongly biases these results.
Keywords: Southern and Eastern Mediterranean men and women; legal and employment assimilation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 J24 J61 J62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-eur, nep-lab and nep-mig
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Published in: Middle East Development Journal, 2011, 3 (2), 119-139
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Journal Article: MOROCCANS' ASSIMILATION IN SPAIN: FAMILY-BASED VERSUS LABOR-BASED MIGRATION (2011)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6368
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