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Spillovers from Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: Bolsa Família and Crime in Urban Brazil

Laura Chioda (), Joao De Mello and Rodrigo Soares
Additional contact information
Laura Chioda: World Bank

No 6371, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programs on crime. Making use of a unique dataset combining detailed school characteristics with time and geo-referenced crime information from the city of São Paulo, Brazil, we estimate the contemporaneous effect of the Bolsa Família program on crime. We address the endogeneity of CCT coverage by exploiting the 2008 expansion of the program to adolescents aged 16 and 17. We construct an instrument that combines the timing of expansion and the initial demographic composition of schools to identify plausibly exogenous variations in the number of children covered by Bolsa Família. We find a robust and significant negative impact of Bolsa Família coverage on crime. The evidence suggests that the main effect works through increased household income or changed peer group, rather than from incapacitation from time spent in school.

Keywords: schooling; crime; education; conditional cash transfer; Brazil; Bolsa Família (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I28 I38 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 31 pages
Date: 2012-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (18)

Published - published in: Economics of Education Review, 2016, 54, 306-320

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Related works:
Journal Article: Spillovers from conditional cash transfer programs: Bolsa Família and crime in urban Brazil (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Spillovers from Conditional Cash Transfer Programs:Bolsa Família and Crime in Urban Brazil (2012) Downloads
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