EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Gender, Educational Attainment, and the Impact of Parental Migration on Children Left Behind

Francisca Antman

No 6640, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Estimation of the causal effect of parental migration on children's educational attainment is complicated by the fact that migrants and non-migrants are likely to differ in unobservable ways that also affect children's educational outcomes. This paper suggests a novel way of addressing this selection problem by looking within the family to exploit variation in siblings' ages at the time of parental migration. The basic assumption underlying the analysis is that parental migration will have no effect on the educational outcomes of children who are at least 20 because they have already completed their educations. Their younger siblings, in contrast, may still be in school, and thus will be affected by the parental migration experience. The results point to a statistically significant positive effect of paternal U.S. migration on education for girls, suggesting that pushing a father's U.S. migration earlier in his daughter's life can lead to an increase in her educational attainment of up to 1 year relative to delaying migration until after she has turned 20. In contrast, paternal domestic migration has no statistically significant effect on educational attainment for girls or boys, suggesting that father absence does not play a major role in determining children's educational outcomes. Instead, these results suggest that the marginal dollars from U.S. migrant remittances appear to enable families to further educate their daughters. Thus, policymakers should view international migration as a potential pathway by which families raise educational attainments of girls in particular.

Keywords: education; father absence; migration; gender (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J12 J13 J16 J24 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 49 pages
Date: 2012-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-edu, nep-lab and nep-mig
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (62) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: Journal of Population Economics, 2012, 25 (4), 1187-1214

Downloads: (external link)
http://ftp.iza.org/dp6640.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Gender, educational attainment, and the impact of parental migration on children left behind (2012) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6640

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

 
Page updated 2021-09-21
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6640