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Showing Off to the New Neighbors? Income, Socioeconomic Status and Consumption Patterns of Internal Migrants

Alexander Danzer (), Barbara Dietz, Ksenia Gatskova () and Achim Schmillen

No 7370, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper analyses incomes and socioeconomic status of internal migrants over time and in comparison to their new neighbors and investigates whether status consumption is a way for newly arrived city dwellers to signal their social standing. Using a novel dataset from the emerging economy of Kazakhstan we find that internal migrants earn an income and status premium for their move. In a comparison to indigenous city dwellers their earnings and household incomes are not significantly different; however, mobile households report a significantly higher subjective socio-economic status. Exploiting expenditure data, we find that recent migrant households gain status from using visible consumption to impress their new neighbors. This signaling might be used as adaptation to the new economic and social environment or to gain access to social capital.

Keywords: internal migration; absolute and relative welfare; income; status consumption; signaling model; conspicuous consumption; adaptation; emerging economy; rural-urban migration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: P36 I31 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2013-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig, nep-tra and nep-ure
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Published in: Journal of Comparative Economics, 2014, 42(1), 230-245

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Journal Article: Showing off to the new neighbors? Income, socioeconomic status and consumption patterns of internal migrants (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Showing off to the new neighbors? Income, socioeconomic status and consumption patterns of internal migrants (2013)
Working Paper: Showing off to the new neighbors? Income, socioeconomic status and consumption patterns of internal migrants (2013) Downloads
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