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Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination

Jan Feld (), Nicolas Salamanca () and Daniel Hamermesh ()

No 7380, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: The immense literature on discrimination treats outcomes as relative: One group suffers compared to another. But does a difference arise because agents discriminate against others – are exophobic – or because they favor their own kind – are endophilic? This difference matters, as the relative importance of the types of discrimination and their inter-relation affect market outcomes. Using a field experiment in which graders at one university were randomly assigned students' exams that did or did not contain the students' names, on average we find favoritism but no discrimination by nationality, and neither favoritism nor discrimination by gender, findings that are robust to a wide variety of potential concerns. We observe heterogeneity in both discrimination and favoritism by nationality and by gender in the distributions of graders' preferences. We show that a changing correlation between endophilia and exophobia can generate perverse predictions for observed market discrimination.

Keywords: economics of education; favoritism; discrimination; field experiment; wage differentials (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B40 I24 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2013-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-exp, nep-lab and nep-lma
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (15) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: Economic Journal, 2016, 126 (594), 1503-1527

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Related works:
Journal Article: Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Endophilia or Exophobia: Beyond Discrimination (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Endophilia or exophobia: beyond discrimination (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Endophilia or exophobia: beyond discrimination (2013) Downloads
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