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Religion, Politician Identity and Development Outcomes: Evidence from India

Sonia Bhalotra (), Irma Clots-Figueras (), Guilhem Cassan and Lakshmi Iyer

No 7473, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper investigates whether the religious identity of state legislators in India influences development outcomes, both for citizens of their religious group and for the population as a whole. To control for politician identity to be correlated with constituency level voter preferences or characteristics that make religion salient, we use quasi-random variation in legislator identity generated by close elections between Muslim and non-Muslim candidates. We find that increasing the political representation of Muslims improves health and education outcomes in the district from which the legislator is elected. We find no evidence of religious favoritism: Muslim children do not benefit more from Muslim political representation than children from other religious groups.

Keywords: religion; primary education; India; Muslim; politician identity; infant mortality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 J13 H41 P16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29 pages
Date: 2013-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa, nep-dem, nep-dev and nep-pol
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Related works:
Journal Article: Religion, politician identity and development outcomes: Evidence from India (2014) Downloads
Chapter: Religion, Politician Identity and Development Outcomes: Evidence from India (2013)
Working Paper: Religion, Politician Identity and Development Outcomes: Evidence from India (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Religion, Politician Identity and Development Outcomes:Evidence from India (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Religion, Politician Identity and Development Outcomes: Evidence from India (2013) Downloads
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