EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Does Longer Compulsory Education Equalize Schooling by Gender and Rural/Urban Residence?

Murat Kırdar (), Meltem Dayioglu and Ismet Koc ()
Additional contact information
Ismet Koc: Hacettepe University

No 7939, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This study examines the effects of the extension of compulsory schooling from 5 to 8 years in Turkey in 1997 – which involved substantial investment in school infrastructure – on schooling outcomes and, in particular, on the equality of these outcomes between men and women, and urban and rural residents using the Turkish Demographic and Health Surveys. This policy is peculiar because it also changes the sheepskin effects (signaling effects) of schooling, through its redefinition of the schooling tiers. The policy is also interesting due to its large spillover effects on post-compulsory schooling as well as its remarkable overall effect; for instance, we find that the completed years of schooling by age 17 increases by 1.5 years for rural women. The policy equalizes the educational attainment of urban and rural children substantially. The urban-rural gap in the completed years of schooling at age 17 falls by 0.5 years for men and by 0.7 to 0.8 years for women. However, there is no evidence of a narrowing gender gap with the policy. On the contrary, the gender gap in urban areas in post-compulsory schooling widens. The findings suggest that stronger sheepskin effects for men, resulting from their much higher labor-force participation rate, bring about this widening gender gap.

Keywords: equality in education; rural and urban; gender; compulsory schooling; regression discontinuity design (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I24 I28 J15 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 53 pages
Date: 2014-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-dem, nep-edu and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (19) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: World Bank Economic Review, 2016, 30 (3), 549-579.

Downloads: (external link)
http://ftp.iza.org/dp7939.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Does Longer Compulsory Education Equalize Schooling by Gender and Rural/Urban Residence? (2016) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7939

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

 
Page updated 2021-04-08
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7939