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Linguistic Barriers in the Destination Language Acquisition of Immigrants

Ingo Isphording () and Sebastian Otten ()

No 8090, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: There are various degrees of similarity between the languages of different immigrants and the language of their destination country. This linguistic distance is an obstacle to the acquisition of a language, which leads to large differences in the attainments of the language skills necessary for economic and social integration in the destination country. This study aims at quantifying the influence of linguistic distance on the language acquisition of immigrants in the US and in Germany. Drawing from comparative linguistics, we derive a measure of linguistic distance based on the automatic comparison of pronunciations. We compare this measure with three other linguistic and non-linguistic approaches in explaining self-reported measures of language skills. We show that there is a strong initial disadvantage from the linguistic origin for language acquisition, while the effect on the steepness of assimilation patterns is ambiguous in Germany and the US.

Keywords: linguistic distance; language skills; immigrants; human capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J15 J24 J40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2014-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lma and nep-mig
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Published in: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2014, 105, 30–50.

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Related works:
Journal Article: Linguistic barriers in the destination language acquisition of immigrants (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Linguistic Distance and the Language Fluency of Immigrants (2011) Downloads
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