Economics at your fingertips  

Breastfeeding Practices and Parental Employment in Japan

Miki Kobayashi () and Emiko Usui
Additional contact information
Miki Kobayashi: Kobe University

No 8116, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Much research shows that breastfeeding provides short- and long-term health benefits for both mothers and their children. However, few studies have yet investigated the factors which may promote or inhibit breastfeeding practices in Japan. To fill this research gap, this paper uses data newly gathered in 2012 on breastfeeding initiation and duration for each child of each mother, which enable us to estimate mother fixed-effects models that control for unobserved differences among mothers. Compared to mothers who leave their jobs after childbirth, mothers who return to work within a year after childbirth do not significantly differ in breastfeeding initiation but have a breastfeeding duration which is shorter by 1.654 months. On the other hand, when fathers work under a flextime system after childbirth, breastfeeding initiation is higher, and the duration is longer by 4.418 months. Therefore, letting fathers work under a flextime system would help promote breastfeeding practices in Japan.

Keywords: Japan; maternal employment; breastfeeding; paternal job responsibility (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-04
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: Review of Economics of the Household, 2017, 15 (2), 579–596 [Online]

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Breastfeeding practices and parental employment in Japan (2017) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

Page updated 2019-12-04
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8116