EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Neighbourhood Turnover and Teenage Attainment

Stephen Gibbons (), Olmo Silva () and Felix Weinhardt ()

No 8381, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Theories about neighbours' influence on children based on social capital, cohesion and disorganisation stress the importance of neighbourhood stability. However, amongst the vast number of studies on the effect of neighbours on a child's education, none has tested whether neighbourhood stability matters. We fill this gap by estimating the causal effect of residential turnover on student test score gains. We show that high neighbourhood turnover reduces value added for students who stay in their neighbourhood, and this effect is more pronounced in more deprived neighbourhoods. Estimation is based on administrative data on four cohorts of secondary school children in England, allowing us to control for unobserved confounding individual effects, neighbourhood fixed effects and trends, plus school-by-cohort shocks. These main results, coupled with auxiliary findings based on survey data, suggest that neighbourhood turnover damages education through the disruption of local ties and social capital, highlighting a so-far undiscovered externality of mobility.

Keywords: education; neighbourhood; turnover; social capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 I20 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 47 pages
Date: 2014-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-soc
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed

Published - published in: Journal of the European Economic Association, vol. 15(4), 746-783

Downloads: (external link)
https://docs.iza.org/dp8381.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Neighbourhood Turnover and Teenage Attainment (2017) Downloads
Journal Article: Neighbourhood Turnover and Teenage Attainment (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Neighbourhood turnover and teenage attainment (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Neighbourhood Turnover and Teenage Attainment (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8381

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

 
Page updated 2022-01-22
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8381