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Financial Development, Environmental Quality, Trade and Economic Growth: What Causes What in MENA Countries

Anis Omri (), Saida Daly, Christophe Rault () and Anissa Chaibi ()
Additional contact information
Christophe Rault: University of Orléans
Anissa Chaibi: IPAG Business School

No 8868, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between financial development, CO2 emissions, trade and economic growth using simultaneous-equation panel data models for a panel of 12 MENA countries over the period 1990-2011. Our results indicate that there is evidence of bidirectional causality between CO2 emissions and economic growth. Economic growth and trade openness are interrelated i.e. bidirectional causality. Feedback hypothesis is validated between trade openness and financial development. Neutrality hypothesis is identified between CO2 emissions and financial development. Unidirectional causality running from financial development to economic growth and from trade openness to CO2 emissions is identified. Our empirical results also verified the existence of environmental Kuznets curve. These empirical insights are of particular interest to policymakers as they help build sound economic policies to sustain economic development and to improve the environmental quality.

Keywords: economic growth; trade; CO2 emissions; financial development; simultaneous-equation models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E44 E58 F36 P26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-ene, nep-env, nep-fdg and nep-mac
Date: 2015-02
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Published in: Energy Economics, 2015, 48, 242 - 252

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Related works:
Journal Article: Financial development, environmental quality, trade and economic growth: What causes what in MENA countries (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Financial Devlopment, Environmental Quality, Trade and Economic Growth: What Causes What in MENA Countries? (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Financial Development, Environmental Quality, Trade and Economic Growth: What Causes What in MENA Countries (2015) Downloads
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