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Not Working at Work: Loafing, Unemployment and Labor Productivity

Michael Burda (), Katie R. Genadek () and Daniel Hamermesh ()
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Katie R. Genadek: University of Minnesota

No 9095, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Using the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) 2003-12, we estimate time spent by workers in non-work while on the job. Non-work time is substantial and varies positively with the local unemployment rate. While the average time spent by workers in non-work conditional on any positive non-work rises with the unemployment rate, the fraction of workers who report time in non-work varies pro-cyclically, declining in recessions. These results are consistent with a model in which heterogeneous workers are paid efficiency wages to refrain from loafing on the job. That model correctly predicts relationships of the incidence and conditional amounts of non-work with wage rates and measures of unemployment benefits in state data linked to the ATUS, and it is consistent with observed occupational differences in non-work.

Keywords: efficiency wage; shirking; loafing; non-work; time use; labor productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 E24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-hrm, nep-lma, nep-ltv and nep-mac
Date: 2015-06
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Related works:
Working Paper: Not Working at Work: Loafing, Unemployment and Labor Productivity (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Not Working At Work: Loafing, Unemployment and Labor Productivity (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Not Working at Work: Loafing, Unemployment and Labor Productivity (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Not Working at Work: Loafing, Unemployment and Labor Productivity (2015) Downloads
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