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The Great Expectations: Impact of One-Child Policy on Education of Girls

Wei Huang (), Xiaoyan Lei () and Ang Sun ()
Additional contact information
Xiaoyan Lei: Peking University
Ang Sun: Central University of Finance and Economics

No 9301, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: The rise in education of women relative to men is an emerging worldwide phenomenon in recent decades. This paper investigates the impact of the birth control policies on teenage girls' education attainment. The estimates suggest that the policies explain 30 percent of the education increase for women born in 1945-1980 and 50 percent of the gender gap narrowing in China. Further analysis provides some suggestive evidence for potential mechanisms, including the policy-induced expectations for labor and marriage market and subjective attitudes on children and gender-equality. These findings highlight the role of fertility policies in women's empowerment of last century.

Keywords: One-Child Policy; education of girls; expectation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D84 I20 J13 J16 J18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-dem, nep-edu, nep-his, nep-lab and nep-tra
Date: 2015-08
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