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Early Childhood Education

Sneha Elango (), Jorge Luis Garcia (), James Heckman and Andrés Hojman ()
Additional contact information
Sneha Elango: University of Chicago
Andrés Hojman: Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

No 9476, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper organizes and synthesizes the literature on early childhood education and childcare. In it, we go beyond meta-analysis and reanalyze primary data sources in a common framework. We consider the evidence from means-tested demonstration programs, large-scale means-tested programs and universal programs without means testing. We discuss which programs are effective and whether, and for which populations, these programs should be subsidized by governments. The evidence from high-quality demonstration programs targeted toward disadvantaged children shows beneficial effects. Returns exceed costs, even accounting for the deadweight loss of collecting taxes. When proper policy counterfactuals are constructed, Head Start has beneficial effects on disadvantaged children compared to home alternatives. Universal programs benefit disadvantaged children.

Keywords: childcare; evaluation of social programs; early childhood education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 I28 C93 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab, nep-ltv and nep-ure
Date: 2015-11
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Related works:
Chapter: Early Childhood Education (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Early Childhood Education (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Early Childhood Education (2015) Downloads
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