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Raising Female Employment: Reflexions and Policy Tools

Pietro Garibaldi () and Etienne Wasmer ()

No 951, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: While there is consensus on the need to raise the time spent in the market by European women, it is not clear how these goals should be achieved. Tax wedges, assistance in the job search process, and part-time jobs are policy instruments that are widely debated in policy circles. The paper presents a simple model of labour supply with market frictions and heterogenous home production where the effects of these policies can be coherently analysed. We show that subsidies to labour market entry increase women's entrance in the labour market, but they also increase exits from the labour market, with ambiguous effect on employment. Subsidies to part-time do increase employment, but they have ambiguous effects on hours and market production. Finally, reductions in taxes on market activities that are highly substitutable with home production have unambiguous positive effects on market employment and production.

Keywords: employment rate; market frictions; labour market policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J0 J2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 17 pages
Date: 2003-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab
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Published - published in: Journal of the European Economic Association, 2004, 2 (2-3), 320-330

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Related works:
Journal Article: Raising Female Employment: Reflections and Policy Tools (2004) Downloads
Working Paper: Raising Female Employment: Reflections and Policy Tools (2004) Downloads
Working Paper: Raising Female Employment: Reflections and Policy Tools (2004) Downloads
Working Paper: Raising female employment: Reflections and policy tools (2004)
Working Paper: Raising Female Employment Reflections and Policy Tools (2003) Downloads
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